Nicene Creed Full text; for background information see historical
We believe in one God the Father Almighty, Maker
of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible.
And in one Lord
Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all
worlds, God of God, Light of Light, Very God of Very God, begotten, not made,
being of one substance with the Father by whom all things were made; who for us
men, and for our salvation, came down from heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy
Spirit of the Virgin Mary, and was made man, and was crucified also for us under
Pontius Pilate. He suffered and was buried, and the third day he rose again according
to the Scriptures, and ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of
the Father. And he shall come again with glory to judge both the quick and the
dead, whose kingdom shall have no end.
And we believe in the Holy Spirit,
the Lord and Giver of Life, who proceedeth from the Father and the Son*, who with
the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified, who spoke by the
prophets. And we believe one holy catholic and apostolic Church. We acknowledge
one baptism for the remission of sins. And we look for the resurrection of the
dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.
*The phrase "and the
Son," which was inserted here by leaders of the Western churches centered
in Rome, was the presenting issue that divided Roman Catholics from Eastern Orthodox
Christians. For more on this dispute, and the history behind it see:
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The Rev. Charles P. Henderson is a Presbyterian minister and
Executive Director of CrossCurrents.
He is the author of God and Science (John Knox Press, 1986).
A revised and expanded version of the book is appearing here. God and Science (Hypertext Edition,
He is also editor of a new book, featuring articles by world class scientists and theologians, and illustrating the leading views on the relationship between science and religion: Faith, Science and the Future (CrossCurrents Press, 2007).
Charles also tracks the boundry between the virtual and the real at his blog: Next World Design, focusing on the mediation of art, science and spirituality in the metaverse.