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C.S. Lewis (1898-1963)

The Chronicles of Narnia and More

C.S. Lewis
C.S. Lewis
C.S. Lewis

One of the most widely respected figures identified as an evangelical Christian, Lewis was a prolific author, an imaginative thinker, and a serious scholar whose work sparked the interest of wide audiences around the world. His writing is enjoyed by children, provokes renewed interest in Christianity on the part of skeptics and agnostics, and continues to be read by adults eager for a more robust faith, freed from the stultifying influences of rigid orthodoxy.

The most recent evidence of this appeal is the popular film: Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe. In this series of children's books, now appearing on theater screens worldwide, Lewis made an effort to express the deep truths of the Christian faith in a fresh vocabulary that might appeal to those, like himself, who at one time or another have have rejected Christianity, quite possibility because of the unimaginative ways in which it is often expressed. In this his effort parallels that of R.R. Tolkien who followed a similar path in his Lord of the Rings trilogy.

Still, the comparison that struck me most powerfully in watching this first Chronicles movie, was with Mel Gibson's The Passion of the Christ. I find it ironic that while Gibson asserts that he is sticking with the literal truth of the gospel, he clearly compresses and distorts its message, while Lewis, in a work of fiction, manages to convey the subtlety of the New Testament faith in ways that are at once more entertaining and more illuminating.

Consider this: the focus of Gibson's film is the bloody and agonizing death of one man. Even if the viewer is willing to suspend all disbelief and accept the figure at the center of all the bloodshed as the Son of God, the film conveys one basic message. The death of Jesus was horrible; it was agonizing; it was heart wrenching. It was not, however, any more agonizing that the deaths of tens of thousands of innocent Iraqi citizens in the latest human bloodfest. By contrast, in the Chronicles a far wider range of experience is reflected. The imaginative world of Narnia mirrors both the evil and the good, both the violence and the possibility of redemption, both the beauty and the color of the world we all inhabit if we only look behind the curtain of our own adult consciousness and see the grace that lies within.

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Who Was C. S. Lewis?

C.S. Lewis [Clive Staples Lewis] British scholar, novelist, and author of about 40 books, most of them on Christian apologetics, the most widely known being The Screwtape Letters. He also achieved fame with a trilogy of science-fiction novels and with the Chronicles of Narnia, a series of seven children's books that have become classics of fantasy literature.

During World War I, Lewis fought in France with the Somerset Light Infantry and was wounded in 1917. The following year he went to University College, Oxford, where he achieved an outstanding record as a classical scholar. From 1925 to 1954 he was a fellow and tutor of Magdalen College, Oxford, and from 1954 to 1963 he was professor of medieval and Renaissance English at the University of Cambridge.

Lewis lapsed into atheism in his teens but experienced a reconversion to Christianity in 1931. His first work to attract attention was The Pilgrim's Regress: An Allegorical Apology for Christianity, Reason and Romanticism (1933). In 1936 came the critical and characteristic Allegory of Love: A Study in Medieval Tradition, considered by many to be his finest scholarly work. The first of his science fiction novels (a genre then scarcely known), Out of the Silent Planet (1938), was followed by the equally remarkable fictions Perelandra (1943) and That Hideous Strength (1945). These three books, which form one of the best of all science fiction trilogies, canter on an English linguist named Ransom who voyages to Mars and Venus and becomes involved in a cosmic struggle between good and evil in the solar system.

Lewis' The Problem of Pain (1940) brought him wide recognition as a lay expositor of Christian apologetics, but it was far exceeded by the fictional best-selling Screwtape Letters (1942). This satire consists of 31 letters in which an elderly, experienced devil named Screwtape instructs his junior, Wormwood, in the subtle art of tempting a young Christian convert. Lewis' first story for children was The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (1950), the first of seven tales about the kingdom of Narnia. The Narnia books are exciting, often humorous, inventive, and, in the final scenes of The Last Battle (1956), deeply moving. Notable among Lewis' other books are a volume of autobiography, Surprised by Joy; The Shape of My Early Life (1955), and a novel based on the story of Psyche and Cupid, Till We Have Faces: A Myth Retold (1956).

From Encyclopedia Britannica Premium Service (2005). Text Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.

Lewis, Clive Staples (1898-1963). British scholar of English literature, writer and Christian apologist. As an Oxford don in the 1920s, C. S. Lewis moved from atheism to committed Christianity, specifically to an evangelical Anglicanism.

His most popular Christian works are The Screwtape Letters (1942), relating the advice given by a senior devil to his subordinate in luring a human subject away from salvation; Mere Christianity (1952, but originally a series of radio talks begun in 1941); and his spiritual autobiography Surprised by Joy. A science-fiction trilogy (1938-45) and the seven children's books known as the Chronicles of Narnia (1950-6) incorporate Christian themes allegorically. The death of his wife, Joy Davidson, evoked the searching record of his grief, A Grief Observed (first published under the name N. W. Clerk).

From John Bowker, ed., The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (2000). (Oxford University Press)

Charles Henderson

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The Rev. Charles P. Henderson is a Presbyterian minister and Executive Director of
He is the author of God and Science (John Knox Press, 1986).  
A revised and expanded version of the book is appearing here.
God and Science (Hypertext Edition, 2005).
He is also editor of a new book, featuring articles by world class scientists and theologians, and illustrating the leading views on the relationship between science and religion:
Faith, Science and the Future (CrossCurrents Press, 2007).

Charles also tracks the boundry between the virtual and the real at his blog: Next World Design, focusing on the mediation of art, science and spirituality in the metaverse.  

For more information about Charles Henderson.
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