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A Dictionary of Christian Theology
Biblical citations in this document are from the King James Version of the Bible
In reading or learning about Christianity, one encounters numerous words that are not often found in common usage. There is no better way to learn what these words mean than a good dictionary of theology. Most of the words you'll need to know as you become familiar with the faith are defined here ... and probably many you won't need to know. These definitions have been adapted from "Baker's Dictionary of Theology," ed. E. Harrison, (Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1960. Definitions have been significantly edited and revised by Charles Henderson in light of more recent scholarship and to reflect ongoing conversation between and among Protestants, Catholics, and Orthodox Christians.

A
A.D. - A priori - Abaddon - Absolution - Abyss - Active Obedience - Adiaphora - Adoptionism - Advent - Agnosticism - Albigenses - Amillennialism - Anabaptists - Angel - Animism - Annihilationism - Anthropic Principle - Anthropomorphic - Antichrist - Antinomianism - Apocalypse - Apocrypha - Apollyon - Apologetics - Apollinarianism - Apostasy - Apostle - Apparition - Archangel - Argument from Design - Argumentum ad hominem - Argumentum ad judicium - Argumentu m ad populum - Argumentum ad verecundiam - Ark of the Covenant - Arianism - Armageddon - Arminianism - Ascended Master -Ascension - Assumption - Assurance - Astral Projection - Astrology - Atheism - Atonement - Aura - Autograph - Autonomy

B
Baal - Babel - Babel, Tower of - Baptism - Baptismal Regeneration - Bible - Blasphemy - Book of Life - Born Again - Bride of Christ

C
C.E. - Caesar - Calvary - Calvinism - Canon - Capital punishment - Capital sins - Catholic - Causality -
Cessationism - Chakra - ChannelingCharismatic Gifts - Chiliasm - Charity - Cherub/Cherubim - Christ - Christian - Christology - Church - Circumcision - Cities of refuge - Clergy - Codex - Common Grace - Communicatio idiomatum - Communion - Condemnation - Conditional immortality - Confession - Confessional - Confirmation - Congregation - Consubstantiation - Contrition - Conversion - Conviction - Coptic - Corban - Cosmological argument - Cosmology - Covenant - Covenant Theology - Creation - Creationism - Cross - Cult

D
Damnation - Deacons - Death - Decalogue - Decrees, of God - Deduction - Deism - Deity - Demon - Deontology - Depravity - Determinism - Devil - Dialectic - Diaspora - Dichotomy - Didache - Didactics - Disciple - Diocese - Dispensation(alism) - Divination - Divinity - Docetism - Doctrine - Dogma - Donatism - Dowsing - Dualism

E
Ecclesiology - Edify - Efficacy - Eisegesis - Elect, Election - Empiricism - Epistemology - Eschatology - Eternal life - Eternal Security - Ethics - Eucharist - Eunuch - Eutychianism - Evil - Evolution - Excommunication - Exegesis - Existentialism - Expiation

F
Faith - Fall, The - False Prophet, (The) - Falsifiability - Fast, Fasting - Fatalism - Fellowship - Fideism - Filioque - Firstborn - Forgiveness - Fool - Foreknow, Foreknowledge - Free will - Freethinker

G
Gehenna - Gentile - Gifts, Spiritual Gifts - Gnosticism - God - Gods, False - Gospel - Grace - Guilt

H
Hades - Hamartiology - Heaven - Hedonism - Hell - Henotheism - Heresy - Heterodoxy - Higher Self - Holy, Holiness - Holy Orders - Holy Spirit - Holy Water - Homiletics - Humanism - Humility - Hypostatic Union

I
Idol, Idolatry - Immaculate Conception - Image of God - Immutability - Impute, Imputation - Immortality - In facto - In fieri - Incarnation - Induction - Indulgence - Inerrancy - Infant baptism - InfidelInfinity - Infralapsarianism - Inspiration - Intermediate state

J
Jehovah - Jesus - Jesus Only Movement - Jews - Judgment - Just, Justice - Justify, Justification   

K
Karma - Karma -
Kenosis - Kingdom of God     

L
Laity
- Law - Law of non-contradiction - Laying on of hands - Liberalism - Limited atonement - Logic - Logos - Lord's Supper -
LXX

M
Man - Manuscript - Materialism - Martyr - Mass - Means of Grace - Mediation, Mediator - Mercy - Messiah - Metaphysics - Millennium - Minuscule - Miracle - Modalism - Monarchianism - Monergism - Monism - Monolatry - Monophycitism - Monotheism 
- Moral government theology - Mormonism - Mortal Sin

N
Naturalism - Naturalistic evolutionNeo-orthodoxy - Nestorianism - Nun

O
Objectivism - Occam's Razor - Occult - Omnipotence - Omnipresence - Omniscience - Ontological Argument - Ontology - Oracles - Ordination - Ordo salutis - Original Sin - Orthodoxy

P
Panentheism - Pantheism - Papyrus - Parable - Paradise - Parapsychology - Parousia - Pascals Wager - Pedobaptism - Pelagianism - Penance - Pentateuch - Pentecost - Permissive decree - Perseverance - Person - Philosophy - Pharisee - Pluralism - Pneumatology - Polytheism - Pope - Postmillennialism - Postmodernism - Pragmatism - Prayer - Pre-Adamites - Pre-existence - Predestine, Predestination - Premillennialism - Preterition - Priest - Prophet - Propitiation - Purgatory    

R
Rapture - Rationalism - Reconcile, Reconciliation - Redemption - Regeneration - Reincarnation - Relativism - Religion - Repentance - Resurrection - RevelationRighteousness - Rosary

S
Sacerdotalism - Sacrament - Sadducee - Salvation - Sanctify, Sanctification - Sanhedrin - Scholasticism - Scriptures - Second Coming, The - Septuagint, The - Sin - Skepticism - Sola Fide - Sola Gratia - Sola Scriptura - Son of God - SoteriologySoul Sleep - Sovereignty - Spiritual Gifts - Subjectivism - Supralapsarianism - Synagogue - Synergism - Synoptic Gospels 

T
Tabernacle - Teleological argument - Teleology - Temptation - Testament - Tetragrammaton - Theism - Theodicy - Theology - Theophany - Tithe - Total Depravity - Transcendence - Transfiguration - Transubstantiation - Tribulation, The - Trichotomy - Trinity - Tritheism - Type, Typology   

U
Uncial - Unitarianism - Universalism

V
Vellum - Venial Sin - Vicarious Atonement

W
Word, The - Worship - Wrath

Y
YHWH - Yin and Yang -
Yoga - Zodiac

 

Charles Henderson

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The Rev. Charles P. Henderson is a Presbyterian minister and author of Faith, Science and the Future, published in 1994 by CrossCurrents Press. He is also the author of God and Science (John Knox / Westminster, 1986) which he is now rewriting to incorporate more recent developments in the conversation taking place between scientists and theologians. He has also written widely for such publications as The New York Times, The Nation, Commonweal, The Christian Century and others.

For further information about Charles Henderson.